Cruise in Style: Speakers For Your Car’s Audio System
When you are looking to change or upgrade your car’s audio system, you will come across different options. Technical terms like ohms impedance, carbon injected, edge-driven, and watts max will make your work more difficult. With just a few simple checks, you can sail through the minefield of confusion with a lot of ease. Car speakers have different elements that make up the audio system.
What are the elements of car speaker systems?
- A woofer is a large cone speaker designed to produce low-frequency audio sounds commonly known as bass.
- A mid-range speaker produces sounds in the middle power range of 250-2000 Hz. Most of these sounds fall between those produced by the woofer and the tweeter hence the reason for being considered mid-range.
- A full-range speaker is one speaker that packs the power of all three speaker elements, the woofer, mid-range, and tweeter.
- A tweeter is probably the smallest speaker element in most cases. The tweeter has the highest sound frequencies. They help in dispersing the other sound elements in a speaker system.
- Coaxial speakers have all the driver components connected to a single full-range speaker. Coaxial car speakers have two-way, three-way, or four-way drivers depending on the number of built-in elements. Two-way systems combine a woofer and a tweeter, while three-way systems have the woofer, mid-range, and tweeter drivers. Four-way systems have a super tweeter in addition to the main elements.
- Component speakers are separate speakers made into a matching set with a crossover filter to separate the different frequencies. The separation allows you to install the tweeters at separate points from the bass speakers for better sound quality.
How many types of tweeters are available?
- Cone tweeters look like smaller copies of conventional speakers.
- Dome tweeters use a voice coil attached to a plastic or compatible metal dome.
- Piezos use mechanical diaphragms and piezoelectric crystal technology to produce vibrations.
- Electrostatic types use an electrically charged diaphragm that sits between two metal stators. The stators feature a multi-hole insulated metal that drives electrostatic force to vibrate the diaphragm.
- Ribbon types do not have the conventional diaphragm. They use ribbons that vibrate when applied with a magnetic force.
What will I consider when buying car tweeter systems?
- Root mean square (RMS) - It is a measure of the amount of continuous power given out by the amplifier. Your car speakers should match the continuous power from the amplifier. A speaker with 200 watts RMS can handle the output from a 60-200 watts amplifier.
- Design - It will have a huge impact on the sound quality of your entire music system. Dome tweeters use a mineral-filled technology around the coil to boost their power management and give a cooling effect that improves their performance.