The open-source Arduino electronics platform started at the Interaction Design Institute Ivrea (IDII) in Italy in 2003. The organization's boards read a variety of inputs, from light changes to buttons or electronic messages, and respond with outputs that can activate motors or turn on lights. The organization's products, including electronics, software and hardware, can support project for any type of development, from education and hobbies to professional design and prototyping.

Are Arduino kits and shields cross-platform?

Arduino software (IDE) and shields can be operated with computers using Macintosh, Linux, and Windows operating systems. A programming project can be completed using Apple or Microsoft devices. Microcontrollers used within the open source hardware and software environment are operated using Windows. The group's software language can be expanded through other programming languages including C++. The organization's shields may be added to controllers enabling adaptation through numerous platforms and purposes.

Which projects and activities can Arduino be used to support?

Hobbyists and makers may be familiar with Arduino, because the microprocessors may be used for student robotics and other related projects. Additional uses include scientific instrument development and physics experiments. Architects may use micro controllers for working prototypes. Musicians and artists may combine the group's programming language and small controllers to put together visual installations, exhibits, and sound performances.

Which entry-level Arduino products are offered?

The Italian-based organization offers entry-level boards, modules, sensors, and basic kits. The Uno Rev3 micro controller board based on the ATmega328, has 14 input/output pins, six analog inputs for sensors, and will connect with USB. The multi-language starter kit supports eight languages, including Chinese, Japanese, Spanish, French, Italian, and English. The kit provides 15 different projects, ranging from a theremin (a musical instrument played with hand movements) to a touch-operated lamp and a keyboard.

Which IoT (Internet of Things) Arduino items are available?

Based on the Atmel SAMD21 and SARAU201 GSM modules, the organization's MKR (Maker) GSM 1400 can use a LiPo battery or an external power source. The board is intended to have global GSM connectivity and can be used by IoT designers with all levels of networking experience. The MKR (Maker) 1000 adds Wi-Fi connectivity and is based on the Atmel ATSAMW25 SoC (system on chip) platform. It operates with low power 2.4 GHz IEEE 802.11 b/g/n Wi-Fi capability.

Are there wearable Arduino controllers?

The organization's Lilypad items including the Lilypad Main Board are based on the ATmega168V low power board. The group's wearable microcontrollers are available which are designed to be sewn into fabrics or incorporated into many types of wearable designs. Different sizes and configurations of the open-source organization's wearable microcontrollers may be used for electronic "eyeshadow," and illuminated or animated shirts, pants, dresses or headcovers.

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